What is the vulvar cancer Signs And Symptoms Of vulvar cancerBody cells perform a number of significant functions in the body. But because of any abnormality, body cells do not perform their functions properly. Sometimes, cells grow abnormally.
When abnormal cells grow in the body, they cannot perform their functions properly. Furthermore, these cells cause cancer in the body. Cancer can be grown anywhere in the body. Same as cancer can grow in vulva which called vulvar cancer. Now the question is that what is vulva?
The external opening of the vagina is called Vulva.
The external Cancer develops at vulva called vulvar cancer. Mostly, affects the inner edges of the labia majora. But it can affect the other areas of vulva like clitoris and vaginal opening.
Risk factors for Vulvar Cancer
Many of the factors involved in cancer cells production in the body. The exact cause of many vulvar cancers may not know, many factors may increase the risk of vulvar cancer. These factors are as follow. People All so Seruch Best Male Enhancement Supplements of 2019
Approximately, 80% vulvar cancer occurs in women who are over the age of 50 and 50% occurs in women who are over the age of 70 or older.
The women who have already been infected with the HPV virus, they have more risk of Vulvar Cancer
due to smoking.
Lichen sclerosus is characterized by thin, itchy vulvar skin. Moreover, this condition slightly increases the risk of vulvar cancer in women.
Vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN)
The condition in which abnormal cells restricted to the top layer of the vulva. Previously, this condition called dysplasia, generally associated with HPV. The presence of VIN increases the risk of vulvar cancer.
Human papillomavirus (HPV)
This is a group of more than 100 viruses which are sexually transmitted. HPV viruses have no visible symptoms but HPV 16, 18 and 31 are strongly linked with cancer. Approximately 50% of all vulvar cancers may develop due to HPV. Mostly, HPV occurs in younger women.
Cervical cancer increases the risk of vulvar cancer. Moreover, this is caused by the shared risk factors such as HPV and smocking.
Symptoms for Vulvar Cancer
Some of the symptoms of Vulvar Cancer are as follow
- A red bump that has a raw surface
- A rough white area
- Pain with burning during urination
- Over bleeding and discharge
- An ulcer that lasts more than a month
Diagnosis Vulvar Cancer
Commonly diagnostic tests used to diagnose the Vulvar Cancer given as.
In x-ray diagnostic tests, high energy electromagnetic radiations may use for medical imaging. X-ray is an important procedure for cancer diagnosis and treatment.
CT scan stands for computed tomography scan. it is an x-ray procedure that uses a computer to develop the three dimensional, cross-sectional, images of inside the body. So, this provides detailed images of bones, organs, and tissues. Moreover, this scan used to determine the size and shape of the tumor.
Like these diagnostic techniques, some others are used to diagnose the Vulvar Cancer such as
- MRI (magnetic resonance imaging)
- PET (positron emission tomography)
- Proctosigmoidoscopy and cystoscopy
- Sentinel lymph node biopsy
Treatment for Vulvar Cancer
Vulvar Cancer can be treated with a number of techniques depending on the stage and type of cancer as well as patient’s age and health. These techniques are as
Numerous surgical procedures are performed to treat Vulvar Cancer such as
- Local excision
- Pelvic exenteration
In this, anti-cancerous chemicals are directly injected into the blood to treat cancer. Furthermore, these chemicals can destroy cancer cells as well as normal cells.
A beam of radiations is used to treat cancer.
Some specific technologies used to treat Vulvar Cancer
- External beam radiotherapy
- High-dose-rate brachytherapy