Stress is a physical, mental, or emotional factor that causes bodily or mental tension. Stress can affect people of all ages, genders, and circumstances and can lead to both physical and psychological health issues.
- Personal: Illness, trauma, bereavement, long-standing health issues, fear of crime, driving in heavy traffic, uncertainty.
- Family & Friends: Getting married, going through a break-up or getting divorced, difficult relationship with parents, siblings, friends, and children.
- Housing: Housing problems: poor living condition, lack of security or homelessness, moving house and problems with neighbors.
- Employment and study: long-term unemployment, retiring, starting a new job, difficulty at work, long working hours, no vacations, deadlines, and exams.
EFFECTS ON BODY:
Stress slows down normal body function especially immune and Gastro-intestinal systems (digestive system) The body function alters in the following way:
- Breathing is faster
- Heart rate and Blood pressure rise which may result in life threating event heart attack, stroke.
- Immunity decreases resulting in infection.
- Alter digestive system causing a Gastro-intestinal disturbance, which includes: Irritability to bowel, reflux of gastric content, belching, heartburn, nausea, vomiting or may cause an excessive gas problem.
- Stress alters muscle tone resulting in a backache and headache.
- Excessive sweating (especially in the palm of hand and sole of the foot)
- Sleep disturbance ( both stay to sleep and fail to sleep)
- Interfere with fertility in both male and female and make it harder to conceive.
- Erectile dysfunction in male and menstrual disturbance in female
- Can lead to depression
- Make a person irritable
- Somatization: The normal, unconscious process by which psychological distress is expressed as physical symptoms
Life style modification:
- Exercise can benefit a person`s mental and physical health.
- Nutrition: Balanced and healthy diet with plenty of vegetables and fruits.
- Time: Spend some time each day for your self. Use this time to organize your life and relax.
- Prioritizing: Spend some time to organize to-do list to see what is most important
- De-stressor: Everybody has its own de-stressor like going for walk, listening to music, reading a book or going to gym.
- Breathing and relaxation: Meditation, massage, and yoga can help.
- Substance abuse: Reduce intake of alcohol, caffeine, drugs. These things never prevent stress rather make it worse.
- Others: Remove or alter the source of stress, lower the impact that stress might have on your body.
Medication: Drugs are the second-line option and take the time to induce effects.
- CNS stimulants: Commonly used to reduced stress.
- Anxiolytic: for those patients who are anxious related to stress.
- Anti-depressants: Very commonly used in depressive patient comorbid with stress.
“STRESSED IS JUST DESSERTS SPELLED BACKWARD”