The best treatment for prostate cancer is detecting it early. Unfortunately, in most cases, symptoms of prostate cancer are not apparent, especially in its early stages. The symptoms may vary for each patient. Some of the common symptoms may be caused by other conditions. Under these circumstances, it is crucial to go for routine screenings such as prostate-specific androgen (PSA) tests and digital rectal exams.
Men are recommended to make an informed decision by visiting the doctor. The doctor will suggest if the test for prostate cancer is needed after the age of 50. Men with risk factors for prostate cancer must consult with a doctor about whether or not to start routine screening.
Understanding the Prostate Cancer Symptoms – The Urinary Symptoms
The proximity of the prostate gland to the urethra and bladder can be accompanied by a wide range of urinary symptoms. The tumor of the prostate may press on depending on the location and size. It may even constrict the urethra resulting in obstructing the flow of urine.
Some of the major signs of prostate cancer include the following. These symptoms are related to urination. Observing these and reporting to a doctor about these on time will help with prostate cancer treatment:
- Burning sensation while urinating
- Pain during urination
- Difficulty urinating
- Trouble starting and stopping urination
- Increased frequent urges to urinate at night
- Loss of bladder control
- Decreased flow
- Reduced velocity of the urine stream
- Blood in the urine (also referred to as hematuria)
Prostate cancer may spread (or metastasize) to surrounding tissues or bones. In case, cancer spreads to the spine, it can also press the spinal nerves.
Other Prostate Cancer Symptoms
Here are some of the other symptoms of prostate cancer you can look for:
- Blood in semen
- Difficulty getting an erection (also known as erectile dysfunction)
- Painful ejaculation
- Swelling in legs
- Swollen pelvic area
- Numbness or pain in the legs/feet
- Numbness in hips
- Pain in bone
It is crucial to speak to your doctor about new symptoms or signs. Symptoms of recurrent prostate cancer may differ from man to man. This depends on the size of the tumor and its location. In some cases, a prostate tumor may press on. It may constrict the urethra leading to a range of urinary symptoms.
Metastatic Prostate Cancer – Signs and Symptoms
Here are some signs to watch out for:
- Erectile dysfunction
- Painful ejaculation
- Swelling in the pelvic area
- Swollen legs
- Numbness or pain in the hips
- Numbness of pain in legs or feet
- Bone pain that does not heal
- Pain in the bone that leads to fractures
The symptoms of prostate cancer may vary from one individual to the other. The most common and first sign of recurrent prostate cancer is a rise in prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels in the blood. Hence, getting regular PSA tests is more crucial. It helps measure the overall progress of treatment. The doctors can also check for signs of recurrence with this test.
It is important to schedule a consultation session with a doctor or prostate cancer specialist if you notice any of the above-listed signs and symptoms. The doctor will ask you a few questions about the symptoms and discomfort you face. Based on your answers, he will decide on some tests to assess the presence and stage of the tumor. So make sure you are fully prepared for the meeting. Record your symptoms, things, and situations that make them worse, and any medications that you take (prescription and non-prescription or over the counter).