Arthroscopy is the examination performed by an endoscopic device that is inserted inside the knee joint, being able to implement interventions of meniscus, tendons, and synovium (envelope of the joint).
Knee arthroscopy, using endoscopic instruments, is one of the most frequent orthopedic procedures nowadays. The patient undergoes general anesthesia or is sometimes sedated and anesthetized by regional anesthesia or spinal anesthesia.
Afterwards, several small perforations are made in the knee joint.
The arthroscope and other instruments are injected into the knee joint. The surgeon can grasp the ligaments, the knee disc (meniscus), the knee bone (kneecap), the lining of the joint (synovium), and the rest of the joint. Damaged tissues can be repaired or removed.
The vision of the arthroscope allows the repair of muscles or tendons while they are manipulated from the outside, without direct vision. This system is completed on an outpatient basis, with the patient being discharged on the same day, not requiring hospitalization at night.
Symptoms of arthroscopy
Knee problems such as:
- Possible meniscal tear.
- Possible damage or breakage of the patella.
- Possible damaged ligament.
- Inflammation or damage to the lining of the joint.
Expectations after arthroscopy
Arthroscopy has achieved an advance in knee surgery because when performed with bloodless methods, the joint is not opened, it offers less pain, swelling, stiffness, and complications as a result, and hospitalization decreases.
- It is usually fast.
- The patient may need crutches to avoid weight and pressure on the knee joint for a few days.
- Normal activity should be reduced for a few weeks.
- Sometimes it is necessary to take medicines for pain and inflammation.
Problems and possible risks
The risks of any interference under general anesthesia:
- Reactions to medication.
- Respiratory problems.
- Bleeding: In this case, hemarthrosis (blood in the joint) or coagulation (thrombophlebitis) may occur.
Cost of the procedure
The cost of any surgery varies significantly among surgeons, medical facilities, and regions of the country. Younger patients, with other complications, or who require more interventional medicine will need more intense and expensive treatment.
You can sort the costs by groups:
- Surgeon: 721 to 1,803 euros.
- Anesthetist: 180 to 360 euros.
- Hospital expenses, including nursing care and operating room: 240 to 1,202 euros.
- Medications: 30 to 120 euros.
- Other additional expenses, if there are complications (transfusions, etc.) or analysis or X-Rays are made: 120 to 901 euros.
- The inconsistency of each case is a fact that can be considered a necessary cost of 1,502 euros per intervention without complications.